Alfuzosin

Posted on February 27th, 2013 by

Class: Other

Generic Name: Alfuzosin

Trade Names: Uroxatral®

How is this drug used? Uroxatral is used to treat the signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Uroxatral is a type of drug known as an alpha-blocker.

What is the mechanism of action? In the treatment of BPH, Uroxatral relaxes a type of muscle in the prostate and at the opening of the bladder. This may improve urine flow and/or decrease BPH symptoms.

How is Uroxatral given (administered)? Uroxatral is taken orally (by mouth).

How are patients monitored? Patients will usually have scheduled meetings with their healthcare provider while they are being treated with Uroxatral.  Patients may also undergo physical examinations, blood tests, or other measures to assess side effects and response to therapy. Patients may be screened for prostate cancer prior to treatment with Uroxatral and periodically thereafter.

What are the most common side effects of treatment with Uroxatral?

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Tiredness

What are some of the potentially serious side effects of treatment with Uroxatral?

  • Decreased blood pressure when changing positions or standing. This may cause dizziness, fainting, or light-headedness.
  • Serious allergic reactions
  • Eye problems during cataract surgery
  • A prolonged, painful erection

This is not a complete list of side effects. Some patients may experience other side effects that are not listed here. Patients may wish to discuss with their physician the other less common side effects of this drug, some of which may be serious.

Some side effects may require medical attention. Other side effects do not require medical attention and may go away during treatment. Patients should check with their physician about any side effects that continue or are bothersome.

What can patients do to help alleviate or prevent discomfort and side effects?

  • Pay careful attention to the physician’s instructions, and discuss side effects with your physician.
  • Because of the risk of fainting or dizziness, get up slowly from a bed or chair until you learn how Uroxatral affects you. Avoid driving and hazardous activities until you’re used to Uroxatral.

Are there any special precautions patients should be aware of before starting treatment?

  • Patients should inform their physician about all medical conditions, including liver problems, kidney problems, history of low blood pressure, angina, or family history of a heart condition known as congenital prolongation of the QT interval.
  • Patients should inform their physician of any other medication or supplement they are taking (whether prescription or over-the-counter), including blood pressure medicines, another alpha-blocker medicine, medicine to treat angina, medicine to treat erectile dysfunction, antifungal medicines, and anti-HIV medicines.
  • If patients need to have eye surgery for cataracts, they should tell their eye doctor that they are taking Uroxatral.
  • Uroxatral is not for women or children.

When should patients notify their physician?

Tell your doctor if you experience any side effects that bother you or don’t go away. Also seek immediate care if you notice signs of an allergic reaction or a prolonged, abnormal erection.

What is a package insert?

A package insert is required by the FDA and contains a summary of the essential scientific information needed for the safe and effective use of the drug for healthcare providers and consumers.  A package insert typically includes information regarding specific indications, administration schedules, dosing, side effects, contraindications, results from some clinical trials, chemical structure, pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the specific drug. By carefully reviewing the package insert, you will get the most complete and current information about how to safely use this drug. If you do not have the package insert for the drug you are using, your pharmacist or physician may be able to provide you with a copy.

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Tags: A, Drug Dictionary, Miscellaneous, Other

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