Posted on February 27th, 2013 by
Generic Name: Tadalafil
Trade Names: Cialis®
How is this drug used? Cialis is used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED) and/or the signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
What is the mechanism of action? Cialis treats (but does not cure) ED by increasing blood flow to the penis; this helps a man to get an erection. In order for an erection to occur with Cialis, some form of sexual stimulation is necessary.
How is Cialis given (administered)? Cialis is taken orally (by mouth).
How are patients monitored? Patients will need to evaluated by their physician before starting treatment with Cialis. A thorough medical examination is necessary in order to diagnose erectile dysfunction or benign prostatic hyperplasia. An examination is also necessary in order to determine whether a man is healthy enough for sexual activity and whether he can safely take Cialis. Sexual activity may not be advisable for men with heart problems.
What are the most common side effects of treatment with Cialis?
What are some of the uncommon side effects of treatment with Cialis?
This is not a complete list of side effects. Some patients may experience other side effects that are not listed here. Patients may wish to discuss with their physician the other less common side effects of this drug, some of which may be serious.
Some side effects may require medical attention. Other side effects do not require medical attention and may go away during treatment. Patients should check with their physician about any side effects that continue or are bothersome.
What can patients do to help alleviate or prevent discomfort and side effects?
Are there any special precautions patients should be aware of before starting treatment?
When should patients notify their physician?
Tell your doctor if you experience any side effects that bother you or don’t go away. Also seek immediate medical care if have an erection that lasts for longer than four hours (an erection that lasts for too long can permanently damage the penis); if you have chest pain, dizziness, or nausea during sex; if you experience a sudden loss or decrease of vision or hearing; or if you notice signs of an allergic reaction such as rash, hives, swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat, or difficulty breathing or swallowing.
What is a package insert?
A package insert is required by the FDA and contains a summary of the essential scientific information needed for the safe and effective use of the drug for healthcare providers and consumers. A package insert typically includes information regarding specific indications, administration schedules, dosing, side effects, contraindications, results from some clinical trials, chemical structure, pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the specific drug. By carefully reviewing the package insert, you will get the most complete and current information about how to safely use this drug. If you do not have the package insert for the drug you are using, your pharmacist or physician may be able to provide you with a copy.
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