Items Tagged ‘A’

June 8th, 2016

Atezolizumab

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Class: Biological Therapy Generic Name: Atezolizumab Trade Name: Tecentriq™ How is this drug used? Tecentriq is approved for patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (bladder cancer) whose disease has progressed during or following therapy with a platinum agent. What is the mechanism of action? Tecentriq is an agent that creates its anti-cancer effects by blocking a specific protein, PD-L1, that is […]

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Tags: A, Biological Therapy, Drug Dictionary


January 14th, 2016

Alecensa®

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Class: Biological Therapy Generic Name: alectinib Trade Name: Alecensa® For which conditions is this drug approved? Alecensa is approved to treat patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has a mutation in the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene and has spread to other parts of the body. Alecensa is also approved for patients who have […]

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Tags: A, Biological Therapy, Drug Dictionary


January 14th, 2016

alectinib

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Class: Biological Therapy Generic Name: alectinib Trade Name: Alecensa® For which conditions is this drug approved? Alecensa is approved to treat patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has a mutation in the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene and has spread to other parts of the body. Alecensa is also approved for patients who have […]

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Tags: A, Biological Therapy, Drug Dictionary


January 12th, 2016

abatacept

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Class: Immunotherapy Generic Name: abatacept Trade Name: Orencia® For which conditions is this drug approved? Orencia is approved for use in adults with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This includes patients who have tried other medicines for RA that have not worked well enough. Orencia can be used alone or with other RA treatments, except […]

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Tags: A, Drug Dictionary, Other, RA


December 16th, 2015

Adalimumab

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Class: Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) Generic Name: Adalimumab Trade Name: Humira® For which conditions is this drug approved? Humira is approved to treat adults with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA), alone or with methotrexate or with certain other medicines. Humira is also approved to treat psoriatic arthritis (alone or with certain other medicines), […]

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Tags: A, Drug Dictionary, Other, RA


December 5th, 2015

Alkylating Agents

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Alkalytying agents are drugs used in the treatment of cancer. They work by interfering with the cell

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


December 5th, 2015

Alkaline phosphatase

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Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme made in the liver, bone, and the placenta and normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme is often elevated in the leukemic cells in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Abnormally high levels may also indicate disease in bone or liver, bile duct obstruction, or certain […]

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


May 18th, 2015

axitinib

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Class: Biological Therapy Generic Name: axitinib Trade Name: Inlyta® For which conditions is this drug approved? Inlyta is approved for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (kidney cancer) when prior treatment hasn’t worked. What is the mechanism of action? Inlyta is a kinase inhibitor. These drugs work by blocking the action of enzymes called kinases, […]

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Tags: A, Biological Therapy, Drug Dictionary, Inlyta, kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma


March 30th, 2015

alpha-1-adrenergic blockers

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A class of drugs used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) that work by relaxing smooth muscle tissue within the prostate. Also called alpha-blockers.

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Antimetabolites

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Antimetabolites are substances that interfere with the body’s chemical processes, such as creating proteins, DNA, and other chemicals needed for cell growth and reproduction. In treating cancer, antimetabolite drugs disrupt DNA reproduction, which in turn prevents cell division and growth on tumors.

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Antineoplastic Agent

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A drug that prevents, kills, or blocks growth and spread of cancer.

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Allergen

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Any substance that causes an allergy.

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

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Aspartate aminotransferase, also called aspartate transaminase or serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. A high level of AST in the blood may be a sign of liver or heart damage, cancer, or other diseases.

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Atypical nevi

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Moles whose appearance is different than normal moles. They may be larger and have irregular borders. Their color may not be uniform, and they may be flat or raised above the skin surface. Any mole that appears irregular may be suspect for skin cancer.

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Atypical

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Not usual; abnormal. This often refers to the appearance of precancerous or cancerous cells.

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Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary