Items Tagged ‘Cancer Dictionary’

December 5th, 2015

Alkaline phosphatase

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Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme made in the liver, bone, and the placenta and normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme is often elevated in the leukemic cells in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Abnormally high levels may also indicate disease in bone or liver, bile duct obstruction, or certain […]

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December 5th, 2015

Alkylating Agents

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Alkalytying agents are drugs used in the treatment of cancer. They work by interfering with the cell

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March 30th, 2015

Arteries

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Blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to various parts of the body.

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March 30th, 2015

Anterior

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At or near the front.

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March 30th, 2015

Autoimmune Disease

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A disease that results when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissue. Rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are autoimmune diseases.

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March 30th, 2015

Arterial Embolization

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Blocking an artery so that the blood cannot flow to the tumor.

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March 30th, 2015

Anaphylactic shock

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A life-threatening allergic reaction characterized by a swelling of body tissues including the throat, difficulty in breathing, and a sudden fall in blood pressure.

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March 30th, 2015

antihistamine

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 Drug that blocks cell receptors for histamine, either to prevent allergic effects like sneezing and itching or to reduce the rate of certain secretions in the stomach.

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March 30th, 2015

Albumin

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Albumin is a type of protein found in blood, egg white, milk, and other substances.

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March 30th, 2015

Ayurvedic medicine

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An ancient traditional medicine system based on Hindu philosophy and ancient Indian civilization. The human body is seen as a microcosm of the universe, consisting of the five elements of fire, water, earth, air, and ether. Each element corresponds to one of the five senses: sight, taste, smell, touch, and hearing. It embraces the concept […]

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March 30th, 2015

Antiserum

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A serum that contains antibodies.

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March 30th, 2015

Antibiotic

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An antimicrobial agent, derived from cultures of a microorganism or produced semisynthetically, used to treat infections. Some cancer treatments may suppress a person’s immune system, so antibiotics may be used to prevent or treat infection.

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March 30th, 2015

Acute Leukemia

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Leukemia that progresses rapidly.

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March 30th, 2015

Age-specific PSA

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An adjustment of the PSA value that accounts for the natural, gradual increase in PSA that occurs with age as the prostate enlarges.

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March 30th, 2015

Axillary Nodes

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The lymph nodes found in the axilla, or armpit region of the body.

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