Items Tagged ‘Cancer Dictionary’

December 5th, 2015

Alkaline phosphatase

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Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme made in the liver, bone, and the placenta and normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme is often elevated in the leukemic cells in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Abnormally high levels may also indicate disease in bone or liver, bile duct obstruction, or certain […]

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December 5th, 2015

Alkylating Agents

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Alkalytying agents are drugs used in the treatment of cancer. They work by interfering with the cell

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March 30th, 2015

Anticholinergic

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 Blocking impulses from the part of the nervous system that controls heartbeat, blood pressure and other responses to stress. A drug that interferes with the effects of acetylcholine. These drugs assist with bladder storage by increasing bladder contractions and are used to treat urge incontinence.

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March 30th, 2015

Anaplastic Choroid Plexus Papilloma

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An anaplastic choroid plexus papilloma, also referred to as a choroid plexus tumor, is a rare type of cancer that occurs in the ventricles of the brain. It usually occurs in children younger than two years. Anaplastic refers to cancer cells that divide rapidly and have little or no resemblance to normal cells.

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March 30th, 2015

Autologous Lymphocytes

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A person’s own white blood cells.

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March 30th, 2015

Arthrography

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Method of radiographically visualizing the inside of a joint.

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March 30th, 2015

Anastomosis

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A surgical joining of two healthy bowel segments, ducts, or blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other.

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March 30th, 2015

Alpha-adrenergic blockers

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A class of drugs also known as alpha- blockers which are used to treat high blood pressure and other conditions like an enlarged prostate or stress urinary incontinence.

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March 30th, 2015

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)

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Acute lymphocytic leukemia is an aggressive (fast-growing) type of leukemia, a blood cancer. In ALL, too many immature white blood cells, called lymphoblasts, are present in the blood and bone marrow.

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March 30th, 2015

Austrailian Aboriginal Indigenous Medical System (IMS)

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An alternative medical system based on the religion, spirituality, herbal medicine, and rituals of Australian Aboriginal culture used to treat medical and emotional problems.

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March 30th, 2015

Autoimmunity

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A condition in which the body’s immune system mistakenly fights and rejects the body’s own tissue.

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March 30th, 2015

Antiemetic

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A drug that prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting (emesis), which are common side effects of chemotherapy.

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March 30th, 2015

Active Immunity

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Immunity produced by the body in response to stimulation by a disease-causing organism or a vaccine.

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March 30th, 2015

Adjuvant Chemotherapy

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Adjuvant chemotherapy is additional chemotherapy given after primary treatment.

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March 30th, 2015

Azoospermia

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The absence of sperm in the ejaculate fluid.

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