Items Tagged ‘Cancer Dictionary’

December 5th, 2015

Alkaline phosphatase

By

Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme made in the liver, bone, and the placenta and normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme is often elevated in the leukemic cells in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Abnormally high levels may also indicate disease in bone or liver, bile duct obstruction, or certain […]

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


December 5th, 2015

Alkylating Agents

By

Alkalytying agents are drugs used in the treatment of cancer. They work by interfering with the cell

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Adamantinomatous Craniopharyngioma

By

Adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma is the most frequent form of a craniopharyngioma, a benign brain tumor. Craniopharyngioma may be considered malignant, however, because it can damage the hypothalamus, the area of the brain that controls body temperature, hunger, and thirst.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Axillary Dissection

By

A surgical procedure in which the lymph nodes in the armpit (axillary nodes) are removed and examined to find out if cancer has spread to those nodes and to remove any cancerous lymph nodes.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Aspirate

By

To withdraw fluid or air from a cavity. The process is usually aided by use of a syringe or a suction device.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Allergy

By

An inappropriate and harmful response of the immune system to normally harmless substances.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Anti-Angiogenesis

By

Anti-angiogenesis occurs when new blood formation (angiogenesis) is stopped. Drugs that are used to stop angiogenesis are called anti-angiogenesis drugs.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Antiandrogen

By

A drug that blocks the action of the male sex hormones.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Antimicrobial

By

Pertaining to a substance that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth or replication.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Aggressive

By

A type of cancer that generally grows quickly.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Anatomy

By

The physical structure of an internal structure of an organism or any of its parts.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

By

Alanine aminotransferase is an enzyme found in the liver and other tissues that is released into the bloodstream when the liver or heart is damaged or cancer is present. ALT is also called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Antiangiogenesis

By

The inhibition of blood vessel formation by a drug so that cancer growth is limited by lack of blood supply.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Attenuated

By

Pertaining to the dilution of a solution or the reduction in virulence or toxicity of a microorganism or a drug by weakening it.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary


March 30th, 2015

Apheresis

By

The process of removing components of a patient’s or donor’s blood and returning the unneeded parts. This process makes it possible to remove desired elements from large volumes of blood. Platelets, red cells, white cells, stem cells, or plasma can be removed separately. Apheresis can also be used to remove undesirable elements from the blood.

View full entry

Tags: A, Cancer Dictionary