Items Tagged ‘Cancer Dictionary’

December 5, 2015

Alkaline phosphatase

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Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme made in the liver, bone, and the placenta and normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme is often elevated in the leukemic cells in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Abnormally high levels may also indicate disease in bone or liver, bile duct obstruction, or certain […]

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December 5, 2015

Alkylating Agents

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Alkalytying agents are drugs used in the treatment of cancer. They work by interfering with the cell

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March 30, 2015

Arterial

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 Relating to, affecting or used in arteries.

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March 30, 2015

Aneurysm

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An abnormal widening of a portion of a blood vessel.

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March 30, 2015

ASTRO

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The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) is a professional organization of radiation oncologists, radiation oncology nurses, medical physicists, radiation therapists, dosimetrists, and biologists (healthcare providers who specialize in the planning and delivery of radiation therapy). With several meeting throughout each year, ASTRO provides opportunities for educational and professional development.

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March 30, 2015

Acute urinary retention

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A complete inability to urinate that requires immediate medical attention.

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March 30, 2015

acupressure

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Hand or finger pressure applied to an acupuncture point on the body

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March 30, 2015

Antinuclear Antibody (ANA)

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A group of antibodies that react against normal components in the cell’s nucleus.

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March 30, 2015

Asymptomatic

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To be without noticeable symptoms of disease. Many cancers may grow without producing symptoms, especially in the early stages. Screening tests, such as mammography, try to discover developing cancers at the asymptomatic stage, when the chances for cure are usually the highest.

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March 30, 2015

Arteriography

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X-rays of blood vessels, which are taken after an injection of dye.

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March 30, 2015

Adrenal Gland

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Either of two secretory organs perched atop the kidneys and surrounded by the protective fat capsule of the kidneys. Their main function is to produce hormones which regulate metabolism and control fluid balance and blood pressure. In addition, they produce small amounts of "male" hormones (androgens) and "female" hormones (estrogens and progesterone).

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March 30, 2015

Anaplasia

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A change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form. Anaplasia is characteristic of malignancy.

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March 30, 2015

Actinic Keratosis

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A precancerous condition of thick and scaly patches of skin.

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March 30, 2015

Anatomy

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The physical structure of an internal structure of an organism or any of its parts.

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March 30, 2015

Alpha-blockers

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A class of drugs also known as alpha-adrenergic blockers which are used to treat high blood pressure and other conditions like an enlarged prostate or stress urinary incontinence.

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