Items Tagged ‘Cancer Dictionary’

December 5th, 2015

Alkaline phosphatase

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Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme made in the liver, bone, and the placenta and normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme is often elevated in the leukemic cells in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Abnormally high levels may also indicate disease in bone or liver, bile duct obstruction, or certain […]

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December 5th, 2015

Alkylating Agents

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Alkalytying agents are drugs used in the treatment of cancer. They work by interfering with the cell

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March 30th, 2015

Accelerated Phase

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Refers to chronic myelogenous leukemia that is progressing. The number of immature, abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow and blood is higher than in the chronic phase, but not as high as in the blast phase.

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March 30th, 2015

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

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Alanine aminotransferase is an enzyme found in the liver and other tissues that is released into the bloodstream when the liver or heart is damaged or cancer is present. ALT is also called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).

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March 30th, 2015

Antiangiogenesis

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The inhibition of blood vessel formation by a drug so that cancer growth is limited by lack of blood supply.

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March 30th, 2015

Attenuated

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Pertaining to the dilution of a solution or the reduction in virulence or toxicity of a microorganism or a drug by weakening it.

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March 30th, 2015

Apheresis

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The process of removing components of a patient’s or donor’s blood and returning the unneeded parts. This process makes it possible to remove desired elements from large volumes of blood. Platelets, red cells, white cells, stem cells, or plasma can be removed separately. Apheresis can also be used to remove undesirable elements from the blood.

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March 30th, 2015

Adenocarcinoma

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Any one of a large group of malignant, epithelial cell tumors of the glands. Specific tumors are diagnosed and named by cytologic identification of the tissue affected.

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March 30th, 2015

Abscess

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An abscess is a sign of an infection. It is a collection of pus in part of the body that is usually swollen and inflamed.

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March 30th, 2015

Azotemia

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Retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood. This toxic condition is caused by failure of the kidneys to remove urea from the blood and is characteristic of uremia.

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March 30th, 2015

Aphagia

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A condition characterized by the loss of the ability to swallow as a result of organic or psychologic causes.

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March 30th, 2015

Anesthesia

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The loss of feeling or sensation as a result of drugs or gases. General anesthesia causes loss of consciousness ("puts you to sleep"). Local or regional anesthesia causes loss of feeling only to a specified area.

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March 30th, 2015

Abdominoscopy

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A procedure for examining the contents of the peritoneum in which an electrically illuminated tubular device is passed through a trocar into the abdominal cavity. Also called peritoneoscopy.

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March 30th, 2015

Arteries

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Blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to various parts of the body.

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March 30th, 2015

Anterior

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At or near the front.

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