Items Tagged ‘Cancer Dictionary’

December 5th, 2015

Alkylating Agents

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Alkalytying agents are drugs used in the treatment of cancer. They work by interfering with the cell

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December 5th, 2015

Alkaline phosphatase

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Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme made in the liver, bone, and the placenta and normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in bile. Alkaline phosphatase enzyme is often elevated in the leukemic cells in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Abnormally high levels may also indicate disease in bone or liver, bile duct obstruction, or certain […]

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March 30th, 2015

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

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Aspartate aminotransferase, also called aspartate transaminase or serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), is an enzyme that is normally present in liver and heart cells. A high level of AST in the blood may be a sign of liver or heart damage, cancer, or other diseases.

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March 30th, 2015

Atypical nevi

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Moles whose appearance is different than normal moles. They may be larger and have irregular borders. Their color may not be uniform, and they may be flat or raised above the skin surface. Any mole that appears irregular may be suspect for skin cancer.

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March 30th, 2015

Atypical

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Not usual; abnormal. This often refers to the appearance of precancerous or cancerous cells.

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March 30th, 2015

Aplastic Anemia

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Bone marrow failure with markedly decreased production of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets leading to increased risk of infection and bleeding.

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March 30th, 2015

Adenoid Cystic Cancer

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A rare form of cancer that usually begins in the salivary glands.

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March 30th, 2015

Antidepressants

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Medications used to treat depression and other related conditions.

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March 30th, 2015

Allogenic Transplant

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An allogeneic bone marrow transplant is a procedure in which a person receives blood-forming stem cells (cells from which all blood cells develop) from a genetically similar but not identical donor. This may also be called an allogeneic stem cell transplant.

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March 30th, 2015

Allopathic medicine

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Mainstream or modern medicine; based on principles proven through scientific research. Contrast with "alternative medicine."

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March 30th, 2015

Antibodies

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Proteins that are made by lymphocytes (a type of white blood cells) in response to foreign substances called antigens.

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March 30th, 2015

Anesthesiologist

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A doctor who uses drugs or gases (anesthetics) to put you to sleep or to make you comfortable during surgery.

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March 30th, 2015

Achlorhydria

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An abnormal condition characterized by the absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice. Hydrochloric acid helps digest food.

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March 30th, 2015

AFP Alphafeto Protein

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Alpha-fetoprotein is a protein normally produced by a fetus. Levels of AFP are usually undetectable in the blood of healthy adult men or women (who are not pregnant). An elevated level of AFP may indicate certain diseases, including liver cancer.

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March 30th, 2015

Autoimmune

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A condition in which the body produces antibodies to its own tissue.

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